Main Article Content

Abstract

ARI is a disease that ranks first out of the top 10 diseases at the Liwuto Health Center, Baubau City. In 2018 the incidence of ARI in toddlers was 97 (26.1%) cases, in 2019 there were 124 (28.9%) cases and in 2020 period January-November ARI cases in toddlers were 77 (22.9%) cases. This study aimed to determine the analysis of risk factors for ARI incidence in toddlers in the working area of ​​the Liwuto Health Center, Baubau City. The type of study was analytical research using a quantitative approach with a Case-Control Study method. The population was all toddlers aged 1-5 years who suffered from ARI in the 2020 for the January-November period, namely 77 cases. The sampling used simple random sampling to get a case sample of 44 people and 44 people control, while the total sample was 88 people. The method of analysis uses Odds Ratio (OR). The results showed that the risk factors for ARI  incidence in toddlers with calculated OR values ​​obtained immunization status OR = 2.1 (LL =0.364; UL =12.106), the clean and healthy lifestyle behavior OR = 3.7 (LL =1.551; UL =9.068 , exposure to cigarette smoke OR = 5.2 (LL =2.096 ; UL =13.149). The conclusion of this study is that immunization status, the Clean and Healthy Lifestyle Behavior and exposure to cigarette smoke are risk factors for ARI incidence in toddlers. It is recommended to Public Health Center can take preventive steps that can reduce the occurrence of ARI.

Keywords

Immunization clean and healthy lifestyle behavior cigarette ARI

Article Details

How to Cite
Ali, L. and Yuli Febriana (2022) “An Analysis of Risk Factor for ARI Incidence in Toddlers in the Working Area of the Liwuto Public Health Center Baubau City”, Miracle Journal of Public Health , 5(2), pp. 88-98. doi: 10.36566/mjph.v5i2.276.

References

  1. Kemenkes RI. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2017. Jakarta; 2018.
  2. WHO. Pneumonia. 2019. Tersedia pada: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/pneumonia
  3. Kemenkes RI. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2019. Jakarta; 2020.
  4. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Profil Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara Tahun 2019. Dinas Kesehatan. 2020. Tersedia pada: https://dinkes.sultraprov.go.id/
  5. Dinkes Kota Baubau. Profil Kesehatan Kota Bau-Bau Tahun PDF Download Gratis. 2018. Tersedia pada: https://docplayer.info/114415079
  6. Puskesmas Liwuto. Laporan Surveilans Terpadu Penyakit. Baubau; 2020.
  7. Desiyana Fd. Hubungan Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dengan Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (Ispa) Pada Anak Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sawit Seberang Kecamatan Sawit Seberang Kabupaten Langkat Tahun 2017. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Sumater Utara, Medan. 2017; (0): 1-7
  8. Kemenkes RI. Gerakan PHBS Sebagai Langkah Awal Menuju Peningkatan Kualitas Kesehatan Masyarakat. Direktorat Promosi Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2016. Tersedia pada: https://promkes.kemkes.go.id/phbs
  9. Wardani DWSR, Lazuardi L, Mahendradhata Y, Kusnanto H. Pentingnya Analisis Cluster Berbasis Spasial dalam Penanggulangan Tuberkulosis di Indonesia. Kesmas J Kesehat Masy Nas Natl Public Health J. 1 November 2013; 8(4):147-151.
  10. Hidayatullah LM, Helmi Y, Aulia H. Hubungan Antara Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar dan Frekuensi Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada Balita yang Datang Berkunjung ke Puskesmas Sekip Palembang 2014. Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan. Ilmu Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya. 2016;3(3):182-193.
  11. Pujokusuma N, Pamungkasari EP, Rahardjo SS. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Recurrent Respiratory Infection pada Anak Usia 2-5 Tahun. Smart Med J. 16 Maret 2019;1(2):80–88.
  12. Manda. Promosi Kesehatan dan PHBS. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga; 2006.
  13. Hadisaputra S, Suparta L, Ananda R. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian ISPA Berulang Pada Balita Usia 36–59 Bulan Di Puskesmas Kecamatan Cipayung. Jurnal Bidang Ilmu Kesehatan. 1 Juni 2015;5(1):345-355.
  14. Trisnawati YT. Hubungan Perilaku Merokok Orang Tua Dengan Kejadian Ispa Pada Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rembang Kabupaten Purbalingga 2012. Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Jawa Tengah. 2013;6(1): 35-42
  15. L Titi Saparina, Noviati, B SH. Hubungan Kondisi Lingkungan Dengan Kejadian Penyakit Ispa Pada Balita Di Kelurahan Wasolangka Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Parigi Kabupaten Muna. Miracle Journal Public Health. 30 Desember 2020;3(2):133–141.